Wheelchair Yo-Yo Test

In addition to the six official yo-yo test versions as created by Jens Bangsbo, there are a few modified versions of the yo-yo test that have made changes to the original protocols for a specific purpose, such as this wheelchair version where participants with a disability perform the yo-yo test in a wheelchair over a distance less than the original 20m.

The standard distance for the yo-yo test is over a 20m course, however for wheelchair athletes this distance may be challenging, making the test conclude much quicker than usual and with greater stress the anaerobic energy system. Therefore, a modified yo-yo test has been proposed by Yanci et al. (2015) where the distance covered in each shuttle is reduced to 10 m (20m out and back). All other test conditions are per the yo-yo intermittent recovery test level 1.

Diagram of the Wheelchair yo-yo test

Yanci et al. (2015) found that a 10m yo-yo test with wheelchair basketballers was reliable, and an appropriate tool for measuring the aerobic fitness in wheelchair athletes. The 10m yo-yo test is particularly suitable for wheelchair basketball players in which agility and turning ability is also an important aspect of performance.

The diagram of the yo-yo 10m test setup in Gil et al. (2015) indicates that cones were placed 10 meters apart, requiring the wheelchairs to go around the turning cone, and therefore the athletes cover a distance greater than the 10m between the cones. This is different to runners who tend to place one foot at or just over the line when turning.

Wheelchair basketball players have scored in the yo-yo 10m an average of 1014 ± 369 meters (Yanci et al., 2015) and 1029 ± 399 meters (Gil et al., 2015).


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